Common Foot Problems

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Dry Skin … If it’s wintertime … it’s time for dry skin As people age there appears those predictable but otherwise disappointing changes we note in the way our body appears and how it functions. Related to skin condition, there are some general observations that can be easily made. They don’t apply to everyone at the same time. Some folks develop these conditions earlier in life, others later. Especially in the winter, I hear many complaints of dry skin affecting the lower legs and feet. Sometimes this includes the fissures or cuts that spontaneously open up along the rim of the heel. Heel fissures are especially painful and are usually caused when heavy callous builds up around the rim of the heel. This callous needs to be reduced. When a thick covering of callous dries out and cracks with the pressure of weight-bearing, it causes the living skin beneath to tear with it. This is similar to what we experience on the tips of fingers in the wintertime. These problems are much less likely to arise in humid summer months. … Read More

Calluses and Corns

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Calluses and Corns Calluses or keratosis represent normal thickenings of the skin in response to friction and pressure over bone. This is a normal process for protecting the skin whether it be on the feet or the hands. These thickenings come and go in response to changes in friction and pressure.   Consider someone with the task of splitting many cords of wood for the winter. Gripping the axe or moll initially causes blisters to form or there is a slow progression of thickening of skin until heavy callous is formed over bone as contact is made with the ax handle. Once all the wood is split and put away along with the axe, the calluses gradually wear away. Same thing goes with feet. Some calluses form predictably secondary to the biomechanics of gait and individual anatomy. Some form because of contact with poorly fitting shoes or because angular deformities of the feet, such as bunions and hammer toes, rub against shoes. Callouses and corns form with increased frequency and intensity when the protective fat pad between the skin and bones … Read More